My name is Khalid
Ali Almubarek from Libya, I work in ophthalmology department-
Misurata Central Hospital- Misurata- Libya. I passed ICO clinical
exam in June - 2010 , part ii FRCS exam in Oct. 2011 and FRCS part
iii in Amman -May 2012, by the grace of god I passed theses 3 exams
from the first attempt, I dedicate my success to my parents and my
wife for their support and prayers, I would like to thank my boss.
Dr: Abdalla Musa, our head of department Dr Mohamed Swaisis, and my
brother Dr Mohamed Bensasi for their support, also I would like to
thank Prof Muthusamy Palanisamy, finally Prof C.N Chua for his
Station-1 ophthalmic surgery and pathology:
Q- photo of yellowish white mass excised from 12yr child who has
coffee au lait spots ( examiner said) what it could be?
A- Optic nerve glioma, type I NF I discussed ocular and systemic
association of NF in details . he asked about histopathologic
features and indication for surgical intervention.
Q- pt with -16 D myopoia & grade ii nuclear sclerosis, discussion
goes about complication of surgery, risk of RD and prophylactic
laser, type of IOL. I answered most of the questions and the
Q- Photo of pt with unilateral congestive proptosis ? we discuss the
DD of TED, orbital pseudotumor, orbital cellulitis, CCF , primary
and secondary orbital tumor, he asked me how to differentiate theses
diagnoses from the history, examination and invx in detail.
Q- you give peribulber injection and the pt develops retrobulbar he.
How would you manage him . will you postpone surgery? When you will
do surgery? Will you repeat peribulbar injection? . I answered all
the questions and the examiner satisfied with my answer.
general medicine and neurology:
Q- photo of middle aged pt with left side mild ptosis and miosis. I
discussed Honer syndrome from A to Z.
Q- 30 yr old pt with painful loss of vision ? . I gave DD of optic
neuritis , traumatic hyphema, corneal ulcer, acute glaucoma. Then he
asked about optic neuritis and MS ,ocular and systemic features,
indication of ttt and dose and regime of steroid.
Q- you exposed to needle stick injury from pt expected to have HIV
what will you do?
Q- colored fundus photo showing 2 small CWS and said this is a
fundus photo of young pt in ICU who has pathological fractures? I do
not know .
Q- How do you differentiate scleritis from episcleritis. He asked
about the systemic association of scleritis, Invx, and how it could
Q- 30yr old pt who C/O chest pain 2 days after surgery? DD?. I agave
DD pneumothorax, pulmonary embolism, MI, pneumonia. Then he asked me
how to diagnose pulmonary embolism from history, examination, INVX.
How to treat. I answered all qs and when I start mention ttt , I
told him that I will call emergency team and I explained all the ttt
for PE up to thrombolysis but I forgot to mention high flow O2 , the
examiner were looking for it.
Q – how will you treat pneumonia?
Station 3- ophthalmic medicine:
Q- a photo of clild's eye with limbal dermoid . what is this? With
which syndrome it is associated? (Goldenhar syndrome, its other
features?) what other ocular association( duane syndrome). What is
ocular complications ( astigmatism, amblyopia), when you consider
surgery? How would you excise it ( I will refer to paediatric
Q- fudus photo with hazy media (vit hge) and NVD, I discussed
diabetic retinopathy in details PRP laser setting. He asked me when
you treat areas of hge will you increase or decrease laser power?
(I do not know, I will seek expert help). If persistent vit hge ,
how will you manage?
Q- photo of flourescein stained dendritic ulcer? He asked about the
diagnosis complications, ttt, disciform keratitis and its ttt,
stromal keratitis, neurotrophic ulcer.
Q- photo of giant papillae in CL wearer, how would you manage? What
are the complication ( he was looking for induced astigmatism).
Q- youg pt C/0 night blindness, I gave dd of retinitis pigmentosa,
post PRP, miotic agent,
He asked about the features of RP in details, VF and ERG finding?
Q- 3m child with watering? I gave DD of NLD obst, congenital
glaucoma, corneal abrasion, conjunctivitis. He asked how to
differentiate?, if NLD obst. How do you manage?, how do you teach
the mother for massage? How frequent? When you do probing and
describe how you do it?
Q- how do manage pt with acute glaucoma?
Case 1- +90 D in old lady: RE: recent vitrectomy with silicon oil,
laser marks, LE advanced TRD
I was asked about classifications and ttt of DR.
Case 2- indirect ophthalmoscope: young adult : RE: circinate
maculopathy reaching the macula, midperipheral RPE hyperpigmentation
with overlying vitreous changes, I gave DD of vasculitis and CNV,
work up for vasculitis and FA.
ocular motility and neuroophthalmology:
Case 1- old diabetic lady with 4th N palsy.
Case 2- child with bilateral disc swelling, it was pseudopapilledema,
the child was high hyperope, we discuss the DD and how to
oculoplastic and lid surgery:
Case 2- lt s shaped ptosis with thickened and rubbery upper lid, I
missed the diagnosis, it was plexiform neurofibroma.
Case 2- old pt with rt upper lid ptosis and lower lid entropion and
Station 4- anterior segment;
Case 1- young adult with lt pseudophakic bullous keratopathy in
corneal graft, bandage CL, anterior chamber IOL.
The rt eye was normal. The examiner asked what could be the cause
and indication for keratoplasty. I said trauma, keratoconus ,
corneal dystrophy. How will you manage? I answered regraft and
repositioning the IOL in the PC with scleral fixation.
Case 2- 10 yr old child with bilateral superficial granular opacity
involving the visual axis and clear zone at the limbus, I said Ries
Buckler dystrophy , examiner agreed and asked how to manage.
Case 3- young child with white eye, lt early band keratopathy and
flare in the AC. I said CAU associated with JIA.
I hope I did not forget anything. I will be happy to help any one or
answering any question about the exam
Khalid almubarek- ICO, FRCS